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Fungal Disease from Riverbed Exposure, Dogs Susceptible

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Image Credit: ACC WI Chessie Fun Day 2018 ( pic from 2016 event)

Did you know dogs who frequent the river for sport or leisure are at an increased risk of acquiring fungal disease? Two fungal agents, Histoplasmosis (Histo) and Blastomycosis (Blasto), are rarely seen in pets who remain exclusively in urban environments. These two fungi may be implicated in diseases seen in dogs that visit the moist nitrogen rich soil of central North America’s river valleys. Read More >


Environmental Hazard: Rattlesnake Venom

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Any pet or person who is in snake habitat is a potential bite victim; snake bites that transmit venom are dangerous for many creatures.  Venomous snakes are present in early all contiguous United States with rattlesnakes being the most prevalent species to cause envenomation, or venom injection.

Venom is a toxin and venomous bites can be deadly without appropriate immediate emergency care.  As with most toxins, the concentration of the toxin, the size of the pet, and the amount of toxin consumed or infused are all variables in the patient’s outcome and survival. Both the location of the bite and the lag time from bite wound to emergency care impact treatment and prognosis. Read More >


Bizarre Behaviors & Canine Compulsive Disorder

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Bizarre Behaviors & Canine Compulsive Disorder

Spinning your wheels about your dog’s constant tail chasing? Undesirable behaviors in dogs are often misinterpreted as lack of training or discipline.  There is much to be learned about canine behavior through the lenses of careful observation, examination, and diagnostic testing that may be missed by the casual onlooker.  One such behavior category deals with repetitive non-functional behavior patterns, such as tail chasing, over-grooming, and pica. For dogs, this collection of behaviors is coined Canine Compulsive Disorder (CCD). Read More >


Nutrition on a Mission

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Image credit: Mud River Dog Products

The Athletic Dog Diet

A dog’s physical appearance and athletic performance are great indicators of overall health and wellness. Nutrition is one key piece to this health equation; Nutrition is equally as important as good genetic lines and more valuable than conditioning alone. Many pet owners are well-intentioned yet misguided when it comes to feeding their pets due in large part to dog food advertising and difficult-to-interpret dog food labels. In addition, dog breeders, veterinarians, dog trainers, and other dog owners have differing opinions about and preferences for dog food brands, ingredients, and ratio of ingredients.  The abundance of information can be overwhelming. Read More >


Leptospirosis: Contagious bacterial disease, all dogs susceptible

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Image credit: Facebook Fan Michael W.

Change in season may mean changes in routine, adventures, or social contacts for you and  your dog – and likely, for other people and pets in your neighborhood, hunting group, or at the dog park. This means paying extra attention to how your dog behaves after outings; a single encounter with a contaminated water source or an infected animal can transmit a contagious bacterial disease to even a cautious canine. Read More >


Part II: Burn Wounds, Freezing Cold

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Image Credit: Facebook Fan Tom Van Dam

Burn Wounds, Part II: Freezing Cold
Extreme cold may lead to thermal burns of skin, muscle, or bone and supporting tissues. Similar  to heat burns, tissue damage from cold has varying degrees of severity. Superficial thermal burns that cause minimal tissue damage and that are reversible are termed ‘frost-nip’. More severe deep burns compromise blood flow and result in frostbite. Complete extent of the thermal damage can be difficult to determine based on appearance alone. For the remainder of this article, thermal injury will be in reference to extremes in low temperatures resulting in frostbite damage. Read More >


Part I: Burn Wounds, Scalding Hot

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Scalding Hot: Burn Wounds

Burn injuries can occur in and around the home or as a result of a natural disaster. Immediate first aid can make a big difference in long-term prognosis for burn injuries. Appropriate first aid treatment and medical care is determined by the cause of the burn. Thermal, chemical, and electrical are the three primary sources contributing to animal burn injuries.This article will address thermal injuries; specifically, high heat or fire related injuries.

Extreme heat that results in a thermal burn or smoke/gas inhalation is an emergency. A variety of heat sources that commonly burn pets include fires, space heaters, hot liquids, hair dryers, cooking surfaces, the sun and surfaces heated by the sun, and hot metal parts on vehicles or equipment. Emergency care should be sought if heat-related injury occurs. Read More >


Lumps and Bumps: Warts in a Puppy’s Mouth

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Image Credit: MR Facebook fan Julie Stanley’s pup Cacey

Lumps and Bumps: Warts in a Puppy’s Mouth

What are those bumps?

A “wart” is an abnormal growth of tissue and can occur just about anywhere on the body. Canine oral papillomas are warts that are caused by a papillomavirus. While there are numerous strains of papillomaviruses, canine oral papilloma virus (COPV) is the most common strain and is benign (not harmful).  When COPV infects tissue and replicates, it causes abnormal tissue growths on mucous membranes that range in appearance from small white/pink bumps to unique lumps with fronds. Oral papillomas typically occur in bunches or clusters rather than singular growths and are most common in the mouth and on the lips. Occasionally, COPV warts occur in unusual locations. Read More >